SEVEN RULES TO IMPROVE IT
SEVEN RÙLS TO IMPRÙV IT
What sort of spelling could be user frendly for everyone - readers, writers, learners and internationaly?
See here also for updates,
as Faster Spelling principles are shortened into 7 Rules
A spelling system to represent the English
not just its speech sounds.
Maximises the advantages of present spelling
and cuts its disadvantages
Recognises children's language abilities
that they can use before they can consciously
analyse and blend sounds easily.
7 rules for reading that also keep
Transitional rules 3 and 7 are not needed for writing.
- Represent formal unslurred
speech with broadband fonemes
- Consistent phonemic
spelling table for speech sounds, including
for terminal vowels, and with name-vowels accented
frequent irregularly spelled words remain as
sight words, eg
of off one only once other pull wh- and endings -ion/-tion/-sion plus
- Consistent spellings for
grammatical inflections eg -s, -d
do not change the spelling of word-units, e.g.
- If words
sound the same they are spelld the same,
unless that would really confuse.
7 Seven additional vowel
spellings for reading only
Note: When grav accents are used, they may not appear in their
original form on some browsers. The option of grav accents is to
distinguish long vowels A E I O U from short vowels a e i o u, using
a single character, without the disadvantages of the expedients of
two-letr vowel spellings, dubld consonants or 'magic e' straddling
The first two rules could be: -
- Represent formal unslurred speech,
conventionalìsed so that it is international - for example
'banana' can have three 'a' sounds in it, but it is a very easy
spelling to read and write.
- A single table sets out consistent phonemic spelling for
all consonants and vowels, including a consistent set of spellings
for vowels at the ends of words, as in
pity play be hi-fi go tabu banana for saw cow boy.
When needed, discreet grav accents à è ì
ò ù. distinguish the long vowels (that are spoken like
the names of the ABC letters) from the short vowels a e i o u. This
tactic has tremendous linguistic advantages in representing the
English language in print, as you will see. It solves the problems of
'magic e' and the way that the short and long sounds of the primary
vowels often switch within word families, eg privasy/prìvat
finish/fìnal repetition/repèt national/nàtion
These two rules can then be modified by four further rules:
- Keep the irregular spellings of around thirty very
common words that constantly appear in text, so that a page of text
will still look familiar. It is the dozens, hundreds and thousands
that stop so many people becoming literat, but even children can
learn 31sight words: -
All almost always among com som could should would half kno of off
one only once other pull push put as was what want who why, plus 'wh'
and internationally-known word endings -ion/-tion/-sion plus
'Had I the hevens embroiderd
Enraut with gòld and silver lìt
The blu and the dim and the dark cloths
Of nìt and lìt and the half lìt
I would spred the cloths under yur fèt.
But I, bèing poor, hav ònly mì drèms.'
- Show English grammar for faster reading for meaning, by
consistent spelling of 's' or 'es' for plurals and verb endings, and
'd' or 'ed' for participle endings, with 'ss' when needed to clarify
The prinses and prinsesses played tenis, which is a gàm
held to be as òld as chess.
- Show units of meaning (morfemes) without changing them
when inflections are added, for example: - cowboy babys copyd
- Spelling distinctions between words that sound the same
(homofones) only for those very few words found to risk confusion -
eg perhaps tu/too/tuw. Most words already speld the same cause no
confusion when we read them in context. In this sentence alone are:-
distinction, sound, found, cause.
Exampl of Six-Rule-Spelling: -
'Had I the hevens embroiderd
Enraut with gòld and silver lìt
The blu and the dim and the dark cloths
Of nìt and lìt and the half lìt
I would spred the cloths under yur fèt.
But I, bèing poor, hav ònly mì drèms.'
- A TEMPORARY SEVENTH RULE - For reading only, but not for writing, a seventh rule may be added
at present, so that readers can recognise and accept dubld consonants
and vowel spelling patterns ai, ea, ee, igh, oa, ew and ir, each to
be read one way only. These need not be used by writers, and so
require recognition only and not the harder task of recall.
All consistent, as
BAD DAD FAD GAG HAG JAG
KEG LEG MEG NAG PEG QUIK
RAG SAG TAG VAN WAG AX
YEN ZEN THIS/THIN WHICH
CHIN SHIN SINK SING
See 'Stage 1' for some temporary expedients while
present spellings are changing.
Tàbl 1. Eleven of the
19 vowel sounds have one spelling each, varying only for final
oo as in book
Tàbl 2. Eight vowel sounds
have 2-6 alturnativ spellings, according to position in a word
OO as in boot
bait basis bàt ba:t
thesis beet bèt be:t
bind byt bìt bi:t
goat gold gòld go:ld
mùt miut mu:t
cart banana bazaar
That is, 48 spellings represent 19 English vowel
fonemes, instead of the present hundreds.
Reason for retaining 48 spellings -
Flexibility during transition, and homofones can be distinguishd as
The unclear vowel is the 20th English vowel
sound. See Spellings for the unclear 'schwa vowel' below. * The word
PERTURB shows spellings for both stressd & unstressd
Tàbl 3. Spelling sequences of
vowels. Spellings that represent singl sounds as in the table
above are in brackets.
a. aa ae ai ao au
e. ea ee ei eo eu
i. ia ie ii io iu
o. oa oe oi oo ou
u. ua ue ui uo uu
ìdea creàt clear
dual uzual quak
That is, there are no clumsy three-letr strings for sequences of
Dictionaries can use these principles for consistent pronunciasion
keys. These keys will almost always be identicl with standard Faster
Spelling, while still closely resembling present spelling. The
exepsions are for long vowels with mor than one posibl spelling, and
a few 'exeption words'.
3. Grammaticl and morfemic
Reason: To facilitate fast reading for meaning, and avoid the need
to make close auditory distinctions in spelling that at present are
1. Verbs and plurals end in S regardless of sound /s/ or
/z/, as in CATS, DOGS
Words ending in /s/ can be distinguishd by SS as needed, as in
2. Participl endings as in JUMPD/LERND/ NOTED regardless of
/d/ or /t/ articulation
3. Afixes. Words do not change with afixs, eg. PARTI/
PARTIS, FLY/ FLYS/ FLYING/ FLYT,
VAIRI/ VAIRIUS/ VAIRID/ VAIRIING/ (cf SKIING) VAIRIÀSION,
except when pronunciation changes: -
a) Insert dropd vowels when stress chanjes,as in METL/
METALLIC, CRÈTUR/ CREATD.
b) Accents to show long vowels are dropd when vowel becomes short,
NASNL/ NÀSN PROSÈD/ PROSESSION DISPÒSE/
4. Apostrofes are optionl, used to avoid confusion as in
No apostrofe for common abreviations, as in DONT, CANT
Apostrofes can be used for abreviations such as IT'S (it is)
4. How pronunciation is shown in
Just as speakers pronounce words from dictionries with their own
local accents, local variation wil continue in pronouncing Faster
Spellingl. However, because spellings are consistent unlike present
spelling, and standard unlike 'spelling as you speak', there is not
the problem of growing unintelligibility between national Englishes.
The spelling can help to keep them in comunication, just as it can
help lerners of English language.
- The 5 long vowels A E I O U
In initial and medial place, and final ù as in
MÈNÙ, the five long vowels A E I O U can be shown by
grav accents, mainly as aids for lernrs, not to be made into a
burdn. Most accents can be omitd in adult text. Spelling patrns
can also distinguish vowel sounds, as in. HOPING/ HOPNG, or colons
can be used to aid word identification in email or hasty
handwriting when the less intrusiv grav accents or dots are
impracticabl , e.g. WEEL, WÈL or WE:L.
Grav accents are preferred as diacritics because they are less
instrusiv for fast readers, rather than macrons which teachrs
sometimes use. Dots could be less intrusive still. If keybords
could show dots over long vowels, and remove the dots from short i
and j, it has been calculated that text would be no more 'dotty'
than it is now.
Reason. The five English
'long vowels' are the greatest bugbear in present spelling, and
greatest problem for spelling reformers. To represent them as a e
i o u plus a minimal accent or dot is a solution that is economic,
requires minimum change from present spelling, and retains visual
relationships in word families that sometimes exchange short and
long vowels, as in PROCESSION/PROCÈDE,
DEDUCTION/DEDÙCE. A common argument against spelling reform
is that it would obscure these relationships. This strategy
actualy enhances them when present spelling does not.
- Consistent conventions to spell classicl stems and
Reason. These maintain visual
resemblance to present spelling and more importantly still, to
spellings of these words in other major languages, to enhance
international comunication. When these conventions are pronounced in
ordinary speech, they result naturally in the slurred pronunciations
that English-speaking pepl are acustomd to - so spellng them slurrd
as a spelling reform is not necessary for readers. Even children
quikly make the jeneralisations as riters, because the convensions
are consistent and lojical.
- /sh/ as in PASION SPESIAL ISIU SUFISIENT
- /tch/ as in QUESTION PICTUR NÀTUR
- /zh/ as in VIZION TREZUR
- -ion can be condensed to -N as in VIZN, COMPETISN, SUJESTN
- Unclear unstressd vowels.
Unstressed vowels cause adult spellers most problems, since no
definit vowel sound is perceived. There are five degrees of clarity
in unstressed English vowels, and 'Fast Spelling' has consistent and
lojicl stratejies for them.
- Unspoken unclear
vowels. Omit, as in TECNICLY, DIFRENT.
- Unclear vowels replaced by sylabic
consonants as in PATD, SILABL, ANSR. To prevent long
consonant strings which can be confusing to decode, vowel E can be
optionly inserted, e.g either REPRESENTD or REPRESENTED.
- Unstressed schwa ER as
in HER CONSERT. Contrast PURFECT/ PERFECT.
In final position, these unclear vowels may be speld R or A as in
SINGR, MORTR, BANANA
- Suffixes with unclear vowels are
speld consistently with 'A'
-ABL, -ANT, -ANS/ANSS, -ARI, -AT -ALY -IAL as in
EDABL, DEPENDANT, DEPENDANS, LIBRARI, SEPRAT (cf SEPERÀT),
- Stressd schwa. The
spelling ur shows where the stress is placed in a word with an
unclear vowel, as in OCUR PERTURB URBN
- Irregular stress in words. Showing pronunciation in
Irregular stress on the second syllabl can be shown to
help learners of literacy and English language by:
- dubld consonants
when needed, mainly for lernrs, e.g. UMBRELLA,
REJECT/ REJECCT, CONTENT/ CONTENNT, or use of bold letrs as in
- UR as in FRATURNITI
contrasts with FRATRNÌZ or FRATERNÌZ.
- 'Pronunciation Spellings' - Some words could be
pronounced according to their present spelling, as they alredy are in
some dialects and colonies: e.g
HERB HOUR HONEST WHOL, MOTHR, BROTHR, OTHR, LOV, COM,
ONE might be respeld WON, so that the word family was- ÒNLY
WON WONSS ALÒN.
- Dubld consonants are used in three ways only, not
capriciously as at present, and only as needed:
- Final /ss/. DENSS
is distinguishd from DENS.
- To show irregular
stress - COMITTI distinguishd from COMITI.
- RR to show a short vowel is pronounced rather than AR OR or UR, to help lernrs
-eg CARROT CORRAL CURRANT are not pronounced as CAR-OT, COR-AL
- Words that sound the same (homofones)are speld the same
except for five sets where context may not automaticaly direct the
meaning: - TU/ TOO/ TUW, FOR/ FAUR , HOL/ WHOL, NO/ KNO, AND THAY'R
PUTTING THAIR HATS OVER THER.
Pronunciation Spelling could eventualy solv these
Reason. The English language is
alredy full of words that are pronounced and speld the same, but
cause no confusion, exept as jokes,(eg. THE TRUCK HAD A TENDER
BEHIND) because context automatically directs the right meaning to
us. Check anything you read and you will find dozens of words like
LIKE EVEN JUST WILL CAN MAY CASE TABLE with many meanings, but you
will have noticed only the one that fits the sense. New vocabulary
is constantly increasing the number of words that sound the same
-eg DEFAULT MOUSE RAM HARD CAPS SCREEN FOLDER ENVELOPE CELL NET
- Forin words from other writing systems may be re-speld
when suficiently adoptd into English, eg. DEPO, DEBRI, RESTURANT,
MERANG, PASTILL, SARJNT BALÀ AMATUR but some may remain
obdurat special cases, eg. BURJOISI, LINJERIE, BOQUET, MILIEU.
- Interim rules as present spelling is fazed out.
i. C and K. In
initial position, principls as in present spelling:
C precedeS A O U as in CAT, COT, CUT. K precedes E I as in KEG.
Medial position: C as in ACT CARACTR.
Final position: K as in COK, MÀK, MÀKING,
MÀKR, C as in MUSIC, LIMERIC
ii. QU can be gradualy
replaced with KW and X with KS should this prove
iii 'Sight words'. be A few
very common words can retain their irregular spellings temporarily
to preserv the apearance of text, and so help to prevent rejection
of reform at first sight. A dozen 'sight' words are no burden for
lernrs. It is thousands that are the problem. e.g OF and OFF , ALL
HALF ONE ONCE PUT WAS (WS?) WHAT WHO WHOSE . COULD/WOULD/SHOULD
are problematic - how much can these spellings be cut now? (CD,
CUD, COUD, CWD, CUUD, COOD, COULD?)
iv. Internationl sientific vocabulary
from Greek roots such as pneuma, pseudes, psi and
pteris may retain initial silent letrs to avoid problems of
dictionry serches and internasional recognition e.g.
PNUMONIA, PSEUDONIM, PSYCOLOJI, PTERIDOFITE.
v. No forced respelling of proper
names. It is up to their owners to decide on changes
and how dificult they want their spellings to be.
Reasons for flexibl and optionl spellings
- Basicly, according to
what the market wil bear. A start can be made.
- Present spelling alredy lists thousands of alturnativ spellings in
gradually the simpler spellings win out - e.g. FANTASY not
PHANTASY, JAIL not GAOL.
- Most pepl, like me, wil be
inconsistent during transition, and as they gradualy
extend their repertoir and their preferences for streamlined
- A standardised spelling system
is essential for ease of automatic reading and writing
and for maintenance of a common English languaj, but there is
latitude within this for a limited ranje of alturnativ spellings.
We adapt visualy to an enormus ranje of fonts today (even too
many. Absolute punctiliousness to the third decimal is not always
necessary in maths calculations - but some degree of accuracy is
Virtue does not reside in absolute punctiliousness in spelling
eithr, altho some degree of standardisation is essential. Virtue
in fact resides in ethical behavior, which tends to receive less
attention than spelling 'mistakes'.
- A litl can make a crucial
difrence. Reformrs out for wholesale reform, when it
may not yet be practicabl, may not realise that even 'when in
dout, leave it out' can make an enormus difrence to lernrs and
spelrs on the cusp of despair in reading and riting. So much more
becomes decodabl and encodabl - the remaining burden has lost
those 'last straws', and a ha'port of tar proves betr than
Sampl Texts in Faster
i) Text for adults resembles
spellings in braud-band pijin.
Riters can opt for alturnativ vowel spellings such as MAID, WEEL,
LIGHT, BRIGHTR or colons as in EXI:TMENT, LI:T, when acsents are not
posibl, or when singl vowel letrs mìt alow confuzions, as with
MAD, WEL, LIT. Running text is 13.5% shortr. 95% of letters are not
changed. 36% of words are not changed, and apart from deletions, 79%
of words are unchanged or changed by one letter only.
It was on th furst day of th nù
year that the anounsment was màd almòst
simultàniusly from three obsurvatrys, that the mòtion of th
planet Neptùn, the outrmòst of all the planets that
wèl about the Sun, had becom very erattic. A
retardàtion in its velosity had been suspectd in Decembr.
Then a faint remòt spek of lìt was discovrd in the
rèjon of the perturbd planet. At ferst this did not cauz
eny very gràt exìtment. Sìentific pèpl however
found the intelijence remarkabl enuf, èven befor it becàm
knòn that th nù body was rapidly gròing larjer and brìter
and that its mòtion was quìt difrent from the orderly
prògres of the planets.
ii) Faster Spelling for beginrs and English
can use acsents for all long vowels.
Gravmarks apply to around 4% of caractrs, one word in five.
Sight-word, WAS. Iregular stress on the second sylabl is shown as in
It was on the
furst day of the nù year that the anounsment
was màd almòst simultàniusly from
thre obsurvatrys, that the mòtion of the planet
Neptùn, the outermòst of aul the planets
that wèl about the Sun, had becom very erattic.
A retardàsion in its velosity had bèn
suspected in Desembr. Then a fànt remòt
spek of lìt was discoverd in th rèjion
of th perturbd planet. At ferst this did not cauz eny
very gràt exìtment. Sìentifik
pèpl howevr found th intelijens remarkabl enuf,
èvn befor it becàm knòn that th
nù body was rapidli gròing larjr and
brìtr and that its mòtion was
quìt difrent from th orderly prògres of
2. TH BÙTIFL PRINSESS story in Fastr
Half the words in this story hav irregulr spelling in our present
system, so this story demonstràts maximum text chanjes requird
for reform. A SurplusCut version is 8.3% shortr. Fastr Spelling is
15.4% shortr, and changes 8% of letrs, apart from adding gravmarks.
The spelling 'w' for the vowel sound as in 'book' is a
sujestion, and a betr solution may be found.
31 comon wurds and the affix -tion remain unchanged.
Once upon a
tìm, the bùtiful dautr of a gràt
majisn wontd mor perls tu pwt amung her trezùrs.
"Lwk thru th sentr of th moon when it is blu," sed her
muthr in ansr to her question. "U mìt fìnd
yr hart's dezìr."Th prinsess lafd, becauz she
doutd thèz wurds. Insted, she ùzd her
imajinàsion, and mùvd intu th fotografy bisnis,
and twk pictùrs of the moon in culr. "I
persèv mòst sertnly that it is
almòst whòly wìt," she thaut. She
also found that she could màk enuf muny in
àt munths tu bì herself tuw lovly hùj
nù jùels too.
3. Dictionry pronunciation gide.
All spellings in this story cd be ùsed as a
dictionry pronunsiasion gide for beginrs, but TREZURS, QUESTION,
LAFD, IMAJINASION,OF, LOVLI requìr the extra rùls.
5. Notes on the
- A standard spelling, rathr
than 'spelling as you speak' is needed:
- for computer translation into other languages
- a check on the runaway development of new 'English
- to ensure comprehension across accents, dialects, and individual
abilities to encode.
In personl comunications, however, spelling inexactitude should
not be regarded as if it were a moral lapse. Optionl alternativ
spellings are acceptabl during transition, and also allow
temporary flexibility in experimentation to arrive at the most
useful spelling forms.
Transition servs as a testing time to ensure that the best
solutions are found.
'Regularity' is defined as
consistent use of the most logicl/useful grafeme, not as it has
been commonly undrstood, as 'the grafeme that most frequently
represents a foneme'.
i. Reduction of over 240 vowel
spelling patrns to forty-eight allows interim continuation of
alternativ spellings, while smoothing transition to a future system
of one-sound/ one-spelling, assisted by the testing time to find the
ii. Position of vowels. Faster
Spelling systematises the present spelling practice of spelling some
vowels differently if they end a word. An advantage of distinctiv
spelling patrns for final vowels is clarity of word-structure and
compound words, as in 'BOYISH PLAYRS PLOWING'. Long-vowels that end
words need no diacritics except to distinguish words such as
CÙ and CU.
iii. Long vowels are the
biggest bugbear in English spelling. The present hotchpotches of
expedients are major boobytraps, while reformrs' sensibl respellings
with digrafs (2 letrs for one sound) look so difrent that they are
oftn rejectd as uncouth. Faster Spelling's solution is singl vowel
letrs with optionl grav accents as needed. Advantajes are:
Visibl relationship of
short and long vowels in word families is a neat answer
to the common 'Chomskian' objection to spelling reform. They help
lernrs to identify meanings of related words, such as
CONCÈD/CONCESSION. During transition, claims can be tested,
that such linkage also helps skild readrs to read text fastr for
Aid for learners. J
H Martin used macron diacritics over long vowels in teaching
beginrs to read. This aided reading present spelling too, cf Fastr
Spelling's edùcàsion. They added marks in their own
writing only if they chose. This suits lernrs' 'natural spelling'
tendencies to spel long vowels like short, eg. SUZI MIT LIK AN
Accents may be omitd
in adult text when confusion is not likely, eg.
educasion. Diacritics need not pepr th print when context givs
suficient clues. Ideally I think a dot
over a vowel would be the least intrusiv and most
helpful diacritic, if tecnology came up with a singl stroke way of
typing such a caractr. If the existing dots over 'i' and 'j' were
discarded, I am informd that the result would be no greatr numbr
of diacritics in text than we alredy hav.
Miniml visibility of grav
accents does not disrupt reading. The direction of the
accents go with the flow of the eye and the flow of hand-writing
and are required for less than one word in five. Colons (:) can be
substituted when email, typewriters or hasty writers cannot handl
accents, but accents are singl stroke on Continental keybords, are
availabl for most fonts in word-processors, and customising,
internet and email formatng capacities ar continualy improving.
Accents can be used acording to house styl, personl prefrence or
limitations of transmission. Experience wil show what is realy
Singl letrs are suficient to spel 21 of the 48 vowel grafemes, and
only two letrs are needed for multipl vowel sequences such as
PÒET. See Table 2.
iv. Some spelling issues
a) Shortr function words as
contrast. Is fast reading for meaning aided by the
present spelling practice of shortr spellings for function words
and longr spellings for meaning- bearers, to make th structure of
sentences mor visibl? eg. BE/ BEE, SO/ SOW, THE/ THEE?
b )LONG U. IU as in MIUT is
a pijin spelling that present readers recognise imediatly.
c) The vowel with no distinctiv
spelling' - as in PUT, GOOD, WOULD, WOLF. A posibl
Welsh solution to the problem might be to use 'w' as a vowel also.
Other solutions like UU are unpopular, but 'w' is visualy and
fonemicly close to 'UU and perhaps could be used only in lerners'
spelling as half-way to UU, but a betr solution would be welcomed.
WWD A SAKFWL OF WWL BE HARD TO PWL ? - Anothr posibility might
even be to omit representation of this vowel altogethr. WD A SAKFL
OF WL BE HARD TU PL?
- How spoken English is representd in Faster
3.1. Pronunciation is representd as in
formal public speaking.
Spellings as in TREZÙR PICTÙR SPESIAL MILION are
naturaly slurrd by articulation processes even in forml speech,
and there is no need to furthr reduce their spellings to PICHA,
3.2. No aditionl auditory
distinctions are required.
i. 'th/ th'. Pijin
spellings promote popular litracy becaus they do not require
auditory discriminations that not only dyslexics may find
dificult. No new spelling distinction is needed between voiced and
unvoiced /th/ sounds. Silent readrs need none and spelrs need to
be spared new hassl. Lernrs of English can have bold or undrlined
print for voiced /th/ ; their greatr problem is usualy trying to
say /th/ at all. Listenrs notice when lernrs say "dis ting" or
"zis sing" but merely the 'wrong' /th/ is rarely noticed.
ii. /s/z/ sound differences in plural
and verb endings result from articulation, which govrns
whethr a final S spelling wil be pronouncd /s/ or /z/ ,as in
saying cats and dogs. Children naturaly use jeneralisation in
lerning languaj and esily jeneralise plural and verb '-S'
spellings. These then provide readrs with visual grammarr in
readng for meaning and saved them from unnecessry auditry and
spelling discriminations in riting new vocabulary.
3.3. The unclear vowel
schwa. Faster Spelling's SurplusCut rules give lernrs
more clues than Cut Spelling, and help in segmenting words. eg.
NÈDED not NEDD and ERRER not ERR.
3.4. Stress in words. The
location of irregular stress in words is shown thru dubld
consonants eg COMITTI or omiting spelling for weak schwa vowels,
as in MELNCOLI, TIPICL, PRAMBÙLÀTR.
Pronunciation'. A trend to pronounce words as they are
speld has been a significant feature of spoken English for over
200 years, eg. the French initial /h/ is now usualy pronounced in
HOSPITAL and HOTEL, and HERB, HONEST, HOUR, HEIR should follow.
This trend could cut some Gordian knots when the English languaj
itself sets problems for rationl spelling - that is, rathr than
changing the spelling, chanje the pronunciation to match the
spelling, as suggestd by Professor N. Collinge of Manchester
University. Some spellings of words accord with regionl
pronunciations which could be acceptd as the standard, eg. to
distinguish current homofones such as SON/SUN WON/ONE.
compatibility. To decipher text in obsolete English
spelling, future users of Faster Spelling need awareness that it
had many surplus and misleading letrs, the GH patrns, C and G as
in CIRCUS andGARAGE, Y for final i, the forty most common
irregular words, how to 'fudge' spellings to gess words in
context, and using a dictionary for the meanings of obsolete
vocabulary, as the English language too is changing fast.
- Words that sound the same
The homofone argument against spelling reform is not an
issue. The English language is full of sets of words that sound
the same and are speld the same. Words like LIGHT have dozens of
meanings. Readrs of text are rarely aware of these homografs,
because context automaticly directs the meaning, except for
LETTER/LETTER. No longer having to make unnecessry distinctions,
spelrs wil be less burdend and computer spelchekrs less unreliabl.
- Imported words.
Most importd words can be given an English spelling, but
some, especialy French, are so problematic to respel they may be best
left as visibly imports. Lernrs can be givn a page showing
Continental sounds and common forin spelling patrns and pronunciation
rules- eg. BOUCLÉ BOUFFANT BOUTIQUE BOUDOIR BOUFFE BOUILLON
BOUQUET BOURGEOIS BOURGEOISIE - rather than attempting as some do,
BUURZHWAAZEE and BOEKAI or even BÙKLÀ, BÙFANT,
MENAAJ - until such words have become mor anglicised in everyday
speech, as in BEEF, MUTTON, DEPO, AMATUR and CADETT.
- Future reforms wil be based on
experience with Faster Spelling and finding solutions for the
remaining minor problem points.
Now see - the Future prospects for English
1 Writing systems World writing systems, Alphabetic writing systems, Chinese logographic writing system, The'mixed' Japanese writing system , Korea's amazing writing system , Syllable writing systems , New and recent writing systems
2.Writing system reforms - overview Society and writing systems, Writing system reforms
3. Some writing system reforms in the past 150 years Chinese writing reforms - Japanese writing reforms, Korean writing reforms,Spelling reform in Indonesia and Malaysia, Netherlands spelling reforms, Portuguese spelling reforms , Russian spelling reform, Spanish spelling reforms, Spelling reform in Turkey
4. Related issues to writing and reforms - Adapting to spelling reform in Greenland , Spelling and literacy in Cuba and Nicaragua - India's failed writing system reform
5. Language and writing systems in Arabic, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hebrew, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian
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